IV. Extremwetter

24. Welche Rolle spielen Vulkane beim Klimawandel?

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2. Geomar (2019): Außertropische Vulkane beeinflussen das Klima stärker als vermutet: 28.1.2019, https://www.geomar.de/news/article/aussertropische-vulkane-beeinflussen-das-klima-staerker-als-vermutet/

3. Timmreck, C., Pohlmann, H., Illing, S., Kadow, C. (2016): The impact of stratospheric volcanic aerosol on decadal-scale climate predictions: Geophysical Research Letters 43 (2), 834-842.

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32. Sigl, M., McConnell, J. R., Toohey, M., Curran, M., Das, S. B., Edwards, R., Isaksson, E., Kawamura, K., Kipfstuhl, S., Krüger, K., Layman, L., Maselli, O. J., Motizuki, Y., Motoyama, H., Pasteris, D. R., Severi, M. (2014): Insights from Antarctica on volcanic forcing during the Common Era: Nature Climate Change 4 (8), 693-697.

33. Gao, C., Robock, A., Ammann, C. (2008): Volcanic forcing of climate over the past 1500 years: An improved ice core‐based index for climate models: J. Geophys. Res. 113.

34. Baillie, M. G. L., McAneney, J. (2015): Tree ring effects and ice core acidities clarify the volcanic record of the first millennium: Clim. Past 11 (1), 105-114.

35. Gautier, E., Savarino, J., Hoek, J., Erbland, J., Caillon, N., Hattori, S., Yoshida, N., Albalat, E., Albarede, F., Farquhar, J. (2019): 2600-years of stratospheric volcanism through sulfate isotopes: Nature Communications 10 (1), 466.

36. University of Maryland (2019): Revising the History of Big, Climate-Altering Volcanic Eruptions: 4.2.2019, https://cmns.umd.edu/news-events/features/4329

37. Steinhilber, F., Abreu, J. A., Beer, J., Brunner, I., Christl, M., Fischer, H., Heikkilä, U., Kubik, P. W., Mann, M., McCracken, K. G., Miller, H., Miyahara, H., Oerter, H., Wilhelms, F. (2012): 9,400 years of cosmic radiation and solar activity from ice cores and tree rings: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109 (16), 5967-5971.

38. Mann, M. E., Zhang, Z., Rutherford, S., Bradley, R. S., Hughes, M. K., Shindell, D., Ammann, C., Faluvegi, G., Ni, F. (2009): Global Signatures and Dynamical Origins of the Little Ice Age and Medieval Climate Anomaly: Science 326 (5957), 1256-1260.

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40. Andersson, S. M., Martinsson, B. G., Vernier, J.-P., Friberg, J., Brenninkmeijer, C. A. M., Hermann, M., van Velthoven, P. F. J., Zahn, A. (2015): Significant radiative impact of volcanic aerosol in the lowermost stratosphere: Nature Communications 6 (1), 7692.

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44. Ridley, D. A., Solomon, S., Barnes, J. E., Burlakov, V. D., Deshler, T., Dolgii, S. I., Herber, A. B., Nagai, T., Neely III, R. R., Nevzorov, A. V., Ritter, C., Sakai, T., Santer, B. D., Sato, M., Schmidt, A., Uchino, O., Vernier, J. P. (2014): Total volcanic stratospheric aerosol optical depths and implications for global climate change: Geophysical Research Letters 41 (22), 7763-7769.

45. Santer, B. D., Solomon, S., Bonfils, C., Zelinka, M. D., Painter, J. F., Beltran, F., Fyfe, J. C., Johannesson, G., Mears, C., Ridley, D. A., Vernier, J.-P., Wentz, F. J. (2015): Observed multivariable signals of late 20th and early 21st century volcanic activity: Geophysical Research Letters 42 (2), 500-509.

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48. Haywood, J. M., Jones, A., Jones, G. S. (2014): The impact of volcanic eruptions in the period 2000–2013 on global mean temperature trends evaluated in the HadGEM2-ES climate model: Atmospheric Science Letters 15 (2), 92-96.

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