IV. Extremwetter

22. Führt die Klimaerwärmung wirklich zu mehr Kältewellen?

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22. Tang, Q., Zhang, X., Yang, X., Francis, J. A. (2013): Cold winter extremes in northern continents linked to Arctic sea ice loss: Environmental Research Letters 8 (1), 014036.

23. Mori, M., Watanabe, M., Shiogama, H., Inoue, J., Kimoto, M. (2014): Robust Arctic sea-ice influence on the frequent Eurasian cold winters in past decades: Nature Geoscience 7 (12), 869-873.

24. Mori, M., Kosaka, Y., Watanabe, M., Nakamura, H., Kimoto, M. (2019): A reconciled estimate of the influence of Arctic sea-ice loss on recent Eurasian cooling: Nature Climate Change 9 (2), 123-129.

25. Petoukhov, V., Semenov, V. A. (2010): A link between reduced Barents-Kara sea ice and cold winter extremes over northern continents: Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 115 (D21).

26. Rahmstorf, S. (2013): Eisschmelze und kaltes Wetter: 28.3.2013, https://scilogs.spektrum.de/klimalounge/eisschmelze-und-kaltes-wetter/

27. Kretschmer, M., Coumou, D., Agel, L., Barlow, M., Tziperman, E., Cohen, J. (2018): More-Persistent Weak Stratospheric Polar Vortex States Linked to Cold Extremes: Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 99 (1), 49-60.

28. Jaiser, R., Dethloff, K., Handorf, D., Rinke, A., Cohen, J. (2012): Impact of sea ice cover changes on the Northern Hemisphere atmospheric winter circulation: Tellus A: Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography 64 (1), 11595.

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30. TAZ (2013): Wenig Eis, viel Schnee und Kälte: 27.3.2013, https://taz.de/Klimawandel-vor-der-Haustuer/!5070513/

31. Barnes, E. A. (2013): Revisiting the evidence linking Arctic amplification to extreme weather in midlatitudes: Geophysical Research Letters 40 (17), 4734-4739.

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33. Curry, J. (2013): Arctic sea ice and extreme weather: 21.8.2013, Climate Etc., https://judithcurry.com/2013/08/21/arctic-sea-ice-and-weather/

34. Screen, J. A., Simmonds, I., Deser, C., Tomas, R. (2013): The Atmospheric Response to Three Decades of Observed Arctic Sea Ice Loss: Journal of Climate 26 (4), 1230-1248.

35. Barnes, E. A., Dunn-Sigouin, E., Masato, G., Woollings, T. (2014): Exploring recent trends in Northern Hemisphere blocking: Geophysical Research Letters 41 (2), 638-644.

36. Sun, L., Perlwitz, J., Hoerling, M. (2016): What caused the recent “Warm Arctic, Cold Continents” trend pattern in winter temperatures?: Geophysical Research Letters 43 (10), 5345-5352.

37. McCusker, K. E., Fyfe, J. C., Sigmond, M. (2016): Twenty-five winters of unexpected Eurasian cooling unlikely due to Arctic sea-ice loss: Nature Geoscience 9 (11), 838-842.

38. Chen, H. W., Zhang, F., Alley, R. B. (2016): The Robustness of Midlatitude Weather Pattern Changes due to Arctic Sea Ice Loss: Journal of Climate 29 (21), 7831-7849.

39. Ogawa, F., Keenlyside, N., Gao, Y., Koenigk, T., Yang, S., Suo, L., Wang, T., Gastineau, G., Nakamura, T., Cheung, H. N., Omrani, N.-E., Ukita, J., Semenov, V. (2018): Evaluating Impacts of Recent Arctic Sea Ice Loss on the Northern Hemisphere Winter Climate Change: Geophysical Research Letters 45 (7), 3255-3263.

40. Peings, Y. (2019): Ural Blocking as a Driver of Early-Winter Stratospheric Warmings: Geophysical Research Letters 46 (10), 5460-5468.

41. Kolstad, E. W., Screen, J. A. (2019): Nonstationary Relationship Between Autumn Arctic Sea Ice and the Winter North Atlantic Oscillation: Geophysical Research Letters 46 (13), 7583-7591.

42. Gerber, F., Sedláček, J., Knutti, R. (2014): Influence of the western North Atlantic and the Barents Sea on European winter climate: Geophysical Research Letters 41 (2), 561-567.

43. NZZ (2014): Kein Zusammenhang zwischen Winterkälte und arktischem Meereisschwund: 8.1.2014, https://www.nzz.ch/wissenschaft/kein-zusammenhang-zwischen-winterkaelte-und-arktischem-meereisschwund-1.18216426

44. Schneider, T., Bischoff, T., Płotka, H. (2015): Physics of Changes in Synoptic Midlatitude Temperature Variability: Journal of Climate 28 (6), 2312-2331.

45. ETH Zürich (2015): Klimawandel führt nicht zu Winterextremen 30.3.2015, https://ethz.ch/de/news-und-veranstaltungen/eth-news/news/2015/03/klimawandel-fuehrt-nicht-zu-winterextremen.html

46. Blackport, R., Screen, J. A., van der Wiel, K., Bintanja, R. (2019): Minimal influence of reduced Arctic sea ice on coincident cold winters in mid-latitudes: Nature Climate Change 9 (9), 697-704.

47. University of Exeter (2019): Arctic sea-ice loss has “minimal influence” on severe cold winter weather, research shows: 12.8.2019, http://www.exeter.ac.uk/news/featurednews/title_729258_en.html