IV. Extremwetter

17. Ist das Klima heute wirklich extremer als früher?

1. Bellprat, O., Doblas-Reyes, F. (2016): Attribution of extreme weather and climate events overestimated by unreliable climate simulations: Geophysical Research Letters 43 (5), 2158-2164.

2. Stott, P. A., Christidis, N., Otto, F. E. L., Sun, Y., Vanderlinden, J.-P., van Oldenborgh, G. J., Vautard, R., von Storch, H., Walton, P., Yiou, P., Zwiers, F. W. (2016): Attribution of extreme weather and climate-related events: WIREs Climate Change 7 (1), 23-41.

3. IPCC (2012): Managing the risks of extreme events and disasters to advance cliamte chage and adaptation: Special Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.

4. IPCC (2012): Management des Risikos von Extremereignissen und Katastrophen zur Förderung der Anpassung an den Klimawandel – Zusammenfassung für politische Entscheidungsträger (deutsche Übersetzung): Sonderbericht des Zwischenstaatlichen Ausschusses für Klimaänderungen (IPCC), https://www.de-ipcc.de/128.php

5. Herring, S. C., Hoerling, M. P., Peterson, T. C., Stott, P. A. (2014): Explaining Extreme Events of 2013 from a Climate Perspective: Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 95 (9), S1-S104.

6. Kelly, M. J. (2016): Trends in Extreme Weather Events since 1900 An Enduring Conundrum for Wise Policy Advice: Journal of Geography & Natural Disasters 6 (1).

7. Lingenhöhl, D. (2017): Extremwetter: Tote retten kein Weltklima: Spektrum der Wissenschaft, https://www.spektrum.de/news/tote-retten-kein-weltklima/1517213

8. BR (2018): Mehr Hitzewellen, Dürren, Starkregen und Orkane 30.7.2019, https://www.br.de/themen/wissen/wetter-extremwetter-klimawandel-100.html

9. Böhm, R. (2012): Changes of regional climate variability in central Europe during the past 250 years: The European Physical Journal Plus 127 (5), 54.

10. Die Presse (2012): Studie: Wetterextreme nehmen doch nicht zu: 22.5.2012, https://www.diepresse.com/760033/studie-wetterextreme-nehmen-doch-nicht-zu

11. Hiebl, J., Hofstätter, M. (2012): No increase in multi-day temperature variability in Austria following climate warming: Climatic Change 113 (3), 733-750.

12. ZAMG (2019): Das Klima unter Generalverdacht: https://www.zamg.ac.at/cms/de/klima/informationsportal-klimawandel/klimavergangenheit/neoklima/extremwerte (Zugriff 15.9.2018).

13. Büntgen, U., Brázdil, R., Heussner, K.-U., Hofmann, J., Kontic, R., Kyncl, T., Pfister, C., Chromá, K., Tegel, W. (2011): Combined dendro-documentary evidence of Central European hydroclimatic springtime extremes over the last millennium: Quaternary Science Reviews 30 (27–28), 3947-3959.

14. Boccard, N. (2018): Natural disasters over France a 35 years assessment: Weather and Climate Extremes 22, 59-71.

15. Lee, J., Li, S., Lund, R. (2014): Trends in Extreme U.S. Temperatures: Journal of Climate 27 (11), 4209-4225.

16. Kunkel, K. E., Vose, R. S., Stevens, L. E., Knight, R. W. (2015): Is the monthly temperature climate of the United States becoming more extreme?: Geophysical Research Letters 42 (2), 629-636.

17. Huntingford, C., Jones, P. D., Livina, V. N., Lenton, T. M., Cox, P. M. (2013): No increase in global temperature variability despite changing regional patterns: Nature 500 (7462), 327-330.

18. Mann, M. E., Rahmstorf, S., Kornhuber, K., Steinman, B. A., Miller, S. K., Coumou, D. (2017): Influence of Anthropogenic Climate Change on Planetary Wave Resonance and Extreme Weather Events: Scientific Reports 7 (1), 45242.

19. Barnes, E. A., Dunn-Sigouin, E., Masato, G., Woollings, T. (2014): Exploring recent trends in Northern Hemisphere blocking: Geophysical Research Letters 41 (2), 638-644.

20. Kennedy, D., Parker, T., Woollings, T., Harvey, B., Shaffrey, L. (2016): The response of high-impact blocking weather systems to climate change: Geophysical Research Letters 43 (13), 7250-7258.

21. Woollings, T., Barriopedro, D., Methven, J., Son, S.-W., Martius, O., Harvey, B., Sillmann, J., Lupo, A. R., Seneviratne, S. (2018): Blocking and its Response to Climate Change: Current Climate Change Reports 4 (3), 287-300.

22. Hoskins, B., Woollings, T. (2015): Persistent Extratropical Regimes and Climate Extremes: Current Climate Change Reports 1 (3), 115-124.

23. de Vries, H., Woollings, T., Anstey, J., Haarsma, R. J., Hazeleger, W. (2013): Atmospheric blocking and its relation to jet changes in a future climate: Climate Dynamics 41 (9), 2643-2654.

24. Jensen, A. D., Akperov, M. G., Mokhov, I. I., Lupo, A. R., Sun, F. (2018): The Dynamic Character of Northern Hemisphere Flow Regimes in a Near-Term Climate Change Projection: Atmosphere 9 (1), 27.

25. University of Missouri (2018): Weather should remain predictable despite climate change: 20.2.2018, https://munewsarchives.missouri.edu/news-releases/2018/0220-weather-should-remain-predictable-despite-climate-change/

26. Nakamura, N., Huang, C. S. Y. (2018): Atmospheric blocking as a traffic jam in the jet stream: Science 361 (6397), 42-47.

27. University of Chicago (2018): New theory finds ‘traffic jams’ in jet stream cause abnormal weather patterns 24.5.2018, https://news.uchicago.edu/story/new-theory-finds-traffic-jams-jet-stream-cause-abnormal-weather-patterns

28. Maurer, A. (2017): Falsche Debatte – Trotz Bondo: Klimawandel führt nicht zu mehr Felsstürzen – im Gegenteil: Aargauer Zeitung, 2.9.2017, https://www.aargauerzeitung.ch/schweiz/trotz-bondo-klimawandel-fuehrt-nicht-zu-mehr-felsstuerzen-im-gegenteil-131671464

29. SRF (2018): Hitze ist für das Gestein nicht nur schlecht: 14.8.2018, https://www.srf.ch/news/schweiz/tauwetter-im-hochgebirge-hitze-ist-fuer-das-gestein-nicht-nur-schlecht

30. Deline, P., Akçar, N., Ivy-Ochs, S., Kubik, P. W. (2015): Repeated Holocene rock avalanches onto the Brenva Glacier, Mont Blanc massif, Italy: A chronology: Quaternary Science Reviews 126, 186-200.

31. Cardiff University (2016): Climate change to have ‘little effect’ on common landslides: 7.10.2016, https://www.cardiff.ac.uk/news/view/482982-climate-change-to-have-little-effect-on-common-landslides

32. Parker, R. N., Hales, T. C., Mudd, S. M., Grieve, S. W. D., Constantine, J. A. (2016): Colluvium supply in humid regions limits the frequency of storm-triggered landslides: Scientific Reports 6 (1), 34438.

33. Süddeutsche Zeitung (2010): Klimawandel: Versicherer warnen vor mehr Blitzeinschlägen: 21.5.2010, https://www.sueddeutsche.de/geld/klimawandel-versicherer-warnen-vor-mehr-blitzeinschlaegen-1.770887

34. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2013): Number of Deaths from Lightning Among Males and Females — National Vital Statistics System, United States, 1968–2010: 19.7.2013, https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6228a6.htm

35. USA Today (2014): USA saw fewest lightning deaths on record in 2013: 11.1.2014, https://eu.usatoday.com/story/weather/2014/01/11/lightning-deaths-record-low/4411347/

36. USA Today (2019): Lightning deaths at all-time record low in 2017: 16.9.2019, https://eu.usatoday.com/story/weather/2018/01/02/lightning-deaths-all-time-record-low-2017/996949001/

37. Süddeutsche Zeitung (2017): Wo es in Deutschland am häufigsten blitzt: 13.7.2017, https://www.sueddeutsche.de/wissen/blitz-atlas-deutschland-wird-waermer-doch-es-blitzt-seltener-1.3584458

38. Scott, C. J., Harrison, R. G., Owens, M. J., Lockwood, M., Barnard, L. (2014): Evidence for solar wind modulation of lightning: Environmental Research Letters 9 (5), 055004.

39. BBC (2014): Sun’s magnetic field boosts lightning strikes across the UK: 19.11.2014, https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-30103561

40. Pinto Neto, O., Pinto, I. R. C. A., Pinto, O. (2013): The relationship between thunderstorm and solar activity for Brazil from 1951 to 2009: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics 98, 12-21.

41. Finney, D. L., Doherty, R. M., Wild, O., Stevenson, D. S., MacKenzie, I. A., Blyth, A. M. (2018): A projected decrease in lightning under climate change: Nature Climate Change 8 (3), 210-213.